Research

Sceintific research on Mind Maps intervention in learning and education

Scientific Research on Mind Mapping and its benefits

In a Mind Map, information is structured in a way that mirrors exactly how the brain functions – in a radiant rather than linear manner. A Mind Map literally ‘maps’ out your thoughts, using associations, connections and triggers to stimulate further ideas. They extract your ideas from your head into something visible and structured. Mind Map retains this ideas-generating radial process with unique organic branch drawing.

Research shows that the brain likes to work on the basis of association and it will connect every idea, memory or piece of information to tens, hundreds and even thousands of other ideas and concepts.

The Mind Mapping process involves a unique combination of imagery, colour and visual-spatial arrangement which is proven to significantly improve recall when compared to conventional methods of note-taking and learning by rote. 

• A study by Farrand, Hussain and Hennessey (2002)ii found that Mind Mapping improved the long-term memory of factual information in medical students by 10%. They reported that “Mind Maps provide an effective study technique when applied to written material” and are likely to “encourage a deeper level of processing” for better memory formation.

• Research by Toi (2009)iii shows that Mind Mapping can help children recall words more effectively than using lists, with improvements in memory of up to 32%.

• Glass and Holyoak (1986)iv found that by gathering and highlighting key branches within a boundary, such as a highlight cloud, you’re using a memory technique known as chunking. Our short-term memory is on average only capable of storing seven items of information and chunking can help us use this storage space more effectively.

• Anokhin P.K- Research shows that the brain likes to work on the basis of association and it will connect every idea, memory or piece of information to tens, hundreds and even thousands of other ideas and concepts.

Mind Maps really come into their own for encouraging creativity and enabling you to generate new ideas in brainstorming sessions. The software includes large image and icon libraries to catalyse creativity and the cutting edge Smart Layout to keep Mind Maps tidy and structured when getting ideas down fast. The spatial layout helps you gain a better overview and makes new connections more visible so you can create an infinite number of thoughts, ideas, links and associations on any topic.

A study by Al-Jarf (2009)v proves that Mind Mapping offers a powerful approach for improving the ability of students to generate, visualise and organise ideas. The students involved reported that the Mind Mapping tool encouraged creative thinking and they became faster at generating and organising ideas for their writing.

According to Margulies (1991)vi , before children learn a language, they visualise pictures in their minds which are linked to concepts. Unfortunately, once children are trained to write only words in one colour, on lined paper, their creative channels and mental flexibility diminishes. Using images, like Mind Maps, keeps this creativity fired up.

Mind Maps really come into their own for encouraging creativity and enabling you to generate new ideas in brainstorming sessions. The spatial layout helps you gain a better overview and makes new connections more visible so you can create an infinite number of thoughts, ideas, links and associations on any topic.

A study by Holland et al found Mind Mapping to be a useful technique for helping students plan and structure their essays and projects more effectively. Students were able to improve the structure, coherence and, consequently, the quality of their written work and were able to draw value from the technique for project managing practical work

Goodnough and Woods discovered that students perceived Mind Mapping as a fun, interesting and motivating approach to learning. Several students attributed the fun aspect to the opportunity to be creative when creating Mind Maps through lots of choice in colour, symbols, key words and design

Mento, A. J., Martinelli, P. and Jones R. M - Mind Mapping has been shown to bring a renewed sense of enthusiasm to the classroom because it increases student confidence and sense of skill in mastering assigned materials

• Ralston and Cook found that an exercise involving Mind Mapping software provided a useful focus for pupils to organise their thoughts and to present informationclearly and attractively. It also facilitated communication between pupils.

Holland, B., Holland, L. and Davies, J - An investigation into the concept of Mind Mapping and the use of Mind Mapping software to support and improve student academic performance. Learning and Teaching Projects

Mento et al found that executive students using only their Mind Map for presentations were able to handle challenging questions with confidence. They had better recall of the information

• Zampetakis et al - found that students preferred to work with Mind Maps in teams. This allowed them to develop synergistic interaction, assemble collective knowledge and work with a group minded attitude. The flow of communications between group members also contributed to the creative process

• Mueller, A., Johnston, M. and Bligh, D - describe how the use of Mind Maps to plan patient care at Front Range Community College has resulted in enhanced thinking skills including critical thinking, whole-brain thinking and comprehensive thinking

As a pedagogical tool, the visibility of Mind Map provides an effective approach for promoting better understanding in students. A teacher from Ysgol Gyfun Bro Morgannwg School in the UK has noted that:“ MindMap facilitates teachers when explaining work as they can pictorially represent a lesson plan, while for students it encourages freedom of expression when planning their work.”

Its flexibility also means that it possesses several uses in the classroom.

Using Mind Maps in the classroom is a successful way to support children’s exploration and presentation of ideas. Ralston and Cook (2007)ix found that an exercise involving Mind Mapping provided a useful focus for pupils to organise their thoughts and to present information clearly and attractively. It also facilitated communication between pupils.

A Mind Map can help you think with greater clarity to explore relationships between ideas and elements of an argument and to generate solutions to problems. It puts a new perspective on things by allowing you to see all the relevant issues and analyse choices in light of the big picture. It also makes it easier to integrate new knowledge and organise information logically as you aren’t tied to a rigid structure.

• Mueller et al (2002)xiii describe how the use of Mind Maps to plan patient care at Front Range Community College has resulted in enhanced thinking skills including critical thinking, whole-brain thinking and comprehensive thinking. The strategy promoted holistic care planning through focusing on the patient as the centre of the care plan and by enabling interconnections to be made between related nursing diagnoses and patient care data.

Mind Mapping brings together your left brain (words, logic, numbers, linearity) and right brain skills (curves, colour, rhythm, images, space) making your brain’s performance more synergetic. This means that each cortical skill enhances the performance of other areas so that the brain is working at its optimum.